Antoni Kocjan

Please add an image!
Birth Date:
Death date:
Extra names:
Antoni Kocjan
Constructor, Engineer, Guerilla, Victim of nazism, WWII participant
Set cemetery

Antoni Kocjan (12 August 1902 – 13 August 1944) was a renowned Polish glider constructor and a contributor to the intelligence services of the Polish Home Army during World War II.

Antoni was the son of Michal Kocjan and Franciszka Zurowska, born in the village of Skalskie near Olkusz. He finished the Gymnasium of Casimir III in Olkusz in 1923 and served in the army during the Polish-Soviet war. Subsequently he studied at the Warsaw University of Technology in the department of electrical engineering and aviation and at the Warsaw Agricultural University. He married Elizbieta Zanussi on 1939-11-30. During his studies he collaborated with the plane constructors of group RWD.

In 1929 he finished a pilot's course and in 1930 won the second award at the Young Pilot's Championship. Later he was part of crew in flights on the airplanes RWD-2 and RWD-7, which beat the world's height record. In 1931 he obtained an engineer's degree and began work at the Experimental Aviation Workshops in Warsaw. In the same year he constructed his first plane "Czajka", a trainer glider that was later put into serialized production in several designs.

Kocjan became the head constructor of the Glider Workshops on the Mokotów Field in Warsaw in 1932. While there he designed the training glider "Wrona" and in 1933 the training-sport glider "Komar". These three successful gliders and their improved versions, "Czajka-bis", "Wrona-bis" and "Komar-bis", became mass-produced in Poland and in lesser quantities under license abroad in Estonia, Finland, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Palestine. In 1934 Kocjan designed a trainer glider "Sroka" that was also built in significant numbers. Subsequently he designed the aerobatic glider "Sokol" and in 1936, together with Szczepan Frzeszczyk, the aerobatic glider "Mewa". In 1937 he built his most known single-person aerobatic glider "Orlik". The version "Orlik 3" took second place in the competition of standard gliders for the anticipated 1940 Summer Olympics. The version "Orlik 2" in the years 1948-49 was piloted by the American Paul MacCready on which he set the world's height record for gliders of 9,600 meters. In 1937 Kocjan also designed the motor glider "Bąk" of which ten units were built. The production of "Komar" was also renewed after the war.

In the first days of World War II, Kocjan was wounded by bomb shrapnel. After the defeat of Poland in 1939, he became a soldier of the underground ZWZ which later transformed into the Home Army. On 1940-09-19, he was caught in a street raid and sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. However, he was released after ten months.

He was characterized by a large degree of daring in planning of actions of the Polish resistance, particularly in connection to the underground production of weapons. He made a significant contribution to the identification of Peenemünde as the testing site of the German Wunderwaffen and worked out the technical nature of the V-2 rocket.

On 2 June 1944, he was arrested together with his wife and imprisoned in the Pawiak prison. The Gestapo murdered him on the 13th of August in a group of the last forty prisoners of Pawiak during the Warsaw Uprising.



No places


        No relations set

        16.10.1929 | Franciszek Żwirko i Antoni Kocjan ustanowili na samolocie RWD-2 międzynarodowy rekord wysokości lotu (4004 m)

        Submit memories

        20.05.1944 | Patrol AK odnalazł nad Bugiem niewybuch niemieckiej rakiety V-2

        W dniu 20 maja 1944 roku, w okolicach Sarnak, AK przejęła niewybuch V2. Po rozebraniu na części został on zbadany w tajnych laboratoriach AK. W badaniach pocisku udział brali prof. Janusz Groszkowski, prof. Marceli Struszyński i inż. Antoni Kocjan. Najważniejsze części rakiety oraz wyniki badań zabrane zostały do Wielkiej Brytanii w nocy z 25 na 26 lipca 1944 przez brytyjski samolot, który wylądował na terenie okupowanej Polski w pobliżu Tarnowa (operacja "Most III").

        Submit memories

        25.07.1944 | Operation Most III

        Operation Most III (Polish for Bridge III) or Operation Wildhorn III (in British documents) was a World War II operation in which Poland's Armia Krajowa provided the Allies with crucial intelligence on the German V-2 rocket.

        Submit memories

        01.08.1944 | Began the Warsaw Uprising

        The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: powstanie warszawskie) was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany. The rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union's Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces.[9] However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support. The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.

        Submit memories

        13.08.1944 | 13. dzień powstania warszawskiego

        Eksplozja „czołgu-pułapki” na ulicy Kilińskiego, która zabiła około 300 cywilów i powstańców.

        Submit memories