Vasily Kachalov

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Dzimšanas datums:
11.02.1875
Miršanas datums:
30.09.1948
Pirmslaulību (cits) uzvārds:
Vasily Ivanovich Kachalov
Papildu vārdi:
Васи́лий Кача́лов, Vasily Ivanovich Kachalov, Василий Иванович Шверубович
Kategorijas:
Aktieris, PSRS Tautas skatuves mākslinieks
Tautība:
 baltkrievs, krievs
Kapsēta:
Maskavas Novodevičje (Новодевичье) kapsēta

Vasily Ivanovich Kachalov (Василий Иванович Качалов, 1875-1948) was one of Konstantin Stanislavsky's best known actors. He led the so-called Kachalov Group within the Moscow Art Theatre. It was Kachalov who played Hamlet in the Symbolist production of 1911.

His father was Ivan Shverubovich, a Belarusian Orthodox priest from Wilno. His schoolmates at the local college included Felix Dzerzhinsky and Konstantinas Galkauskas. In 1896, he left the law department of Saint Petersburg University in order to pursue an acting career. After four years of touring the Russian provinces and a brief stint at the Suvorin Theatre, Kachalov made his debut at the Moscow Art Theatre as Tsar Berendey in The Snow Maiden (spring 1900).

The snow maiden was played by Stanislavsky's wife, Maria Lilina, who fell in love with Kachalov; she described their affair as "a touch of private happiness". Another of his lovers was Alisa Koonen. He met his wife, actress Nina Litovtseva, when they were acting in the Kazan Drama Theatre, one of Russia's oldest.

Kachalov was greatly admired for his "magnetic" voice. He played Baron Tuzenbach after Meyerhold's departure from the theatre. In the original 1904 production of The Cherry Orchard he appeared as Trofimov. He starred in Nemirovich-Danchenko's production of Ivanov later that year. All in all, he took more than 50 roles in Stanislavsky's company.

After the Russian Revolution, the Kachalov Group went touring Central Europe and did not return until the summer of 1921, under pressure from the theatre's founders.

Kachalov was named one of the first People's Artists of the USSR after the title was instituted in 1936 and received a Stalin Prize in 1943. He was also the recipient of the two Orders of Lenin. The Kazan State Theatre was given his name in 1948.

Avoti: wikipedia.org

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